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How to configure a WebDAV server using rclone

Introduction

WebDAV is an extension of the HTTP protocol that allows you share files remotely. Most web server software such as Apache HTTPhave built-in WebDAV modules but they usually require complex configuration steps.
One of the easiest ways to configure a WebDAV server is by using rclone.
Rclone is a command line application used to manage files on cloud storage, but it also be used to configure a WebDAV server.

Step 1

  1. 1.
    Install rclone.
$ sudo dnf install rclone -y
  1. 2.
    Take a look at the rclone serve webdav command:
rclone serve webdav remote:path [flags]
The remote:path specifies the directory for the WebDAV server.
For example:
/media/webdav/
We will use the addr, user, and pass flags.
The addr flag is used to specify the IP address and port.
--addr 192.168.4.200:8111
The user flag is used to specify a username. Choose a new name that doesn't exist on the server.
--user poochie
The pass flag is the password for the WebDAV user.
--pass myRandomPassword
  1. 4.
    Here is the full command to start the WebDAV server:
$ rclone serve webdav /media/webdav/ --addr 192.168.4.200:8111 --user poochie --pass myRandomPassword

Step 2

Create a custom systemd unit file to control the WebDAV server.

  1. 1.
    Create a bash script that contains the complete rclone serve command.
$ sudo vi /usr/bin/rclone/rclone_webdav.sh
#!/bin/bash
/usr/bin/rclone serve webdav /media/webdav/ --addr 192.168.4.200:8111 --user poochie --pass myRandomPassword
  1. 2.
    Make the script executable.
$ chmod +X /usr/bin/rclone/rclone_webdav.sh
  1. 4.
    Create a systemd unit file for the script.
$ vi /etc/systemd/system/rclone_webdav.service
  1. 5.
    Add the following lines:
[Unit]
Description=Rclone WebDAV Service
After=network.target
[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/rclone/rclone_webdav.sh
Restart=always
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
  1. 6.
    Run the following systemctl commands to start the service:
$ systemctl daemon-reload
$ systemctl start rclone_webdav.service
$ systemctl enable rclone_webdav.service
  1. 7.
    Verify the WebDAV server is running:
$ systemctl status rclone_webdav.service